Title: Concerning Safer Use of NonMotorized Wheeled Transportation by Minors
Sponsors: Rep. John Kefalas & Sen. Bob Bacon
What the HB-1147 does:
- Codifies into law the existing bicycle and pedestrian policy directive of the Dept. of Transportation (DOT).
- Requires the Departments of Transportation, Education and Public Safety to collaborate with local governments, school districts, and appropriate organizations to develop and make available to schools, under the auspices of the DOT Safe Routes to School Program, a comprehensive educational curriculum for minors regarding the safe use of public streets and premises by users of nonmotorized wheeled transportation and pedestrians.
- Requires that a minor wear a protective helmet while using nonmotorized wheeled transportation (including bicycles, scooters, in-line skates and skateboards) on public streets and premises. A violation of this requirement is an unspecified traffic infraction, NOT subject to any penalty. A law enforcement or public safety officer MAY enforce this requirement by stopping a minor or an accompanying adult and providing a “safety information card” that explains risk of not wearing a helmet and where the minor may obtain a fee or low-cost helmet in the community, if cost is an issue.
4 Reasons to support HB-1147 and benefits to Colorado communities:
- It is in the public interest to make our streets safe for all users including motorists, transit users, pedestrians and users of other types of nonmotorized wheeled transportation.
- Educates and protects our children while promoting safe bicycling, walking and other physical activity.
- May decrease the number of bicycle and other nonmotorized wheeled transportation-related injuries, including severe nonfatal brain injuries, and may lower individual and societal costs associated with hospital emergency room admissions due to bicycle-related accidents.
- The enforcement mechanism is intended to provide a learning experience for the young person or accompanying adult and a community policing opportunity for the law enforcement officer. Discretionary enforcement of helmet requirement is EDUCATIONAL ONLY, NOT PUNITIVE.
Statistics & Background
- Bicycling is a safe & healthy activity yet, on average, 11 bicyclists are killed & 540 bicyclists are hospitalized annually in Colorado due to injuries sustained in bicycle crashes.
- Children between the ages of 5 & 14 have the highest rate of bicycle-related hospital admissions and almost 1/3 of such children suffer brain injuries.
- Colorado has an interest in preventing and mitigating the severity of such injuries as the economic cost to an individual and to society of a single severe nonfatal brain injury can exceed $2 Million.
- In 2004, the Colorado General Assembly passed the Safe Routes to School legislation , which improves safety and encourages more children to safely walk and bicycle to school.
- In October 2009, the Dept. of Transportation adopted an administrative policy to enhance safety & mobility for bicyclists & pedestrians on our state roadways.
Initial supporters of HB-1147: Bicycle Colorado, The Children’s Hospital, Brain Injury Collaborative, Fort Collins Bicycle Cooperative, Healthier Communities Coalition of Larimer County, Safe Kids Larimer County, Live Well La Plata, and many other organizations.